• When should I visit an optometrist?

You should visit your eye health care provider at least once per year, or immediately if you have any degree of sudden vision loss, eye pain, or irritation.

• At what age should I have my children’s eyes checked?

A comprehensive eye examination is important for children. A basic screening by a pediatrician may not detect certain eye disorders like amblyopia. Early detection and treatment provide the very best opportunity to correct vision problems, so your child can learn to see clearly. Therefore an evaluation should be done before the age of two, or earlier if a child is at risk (for example if there is a history of premature birth, or there is a significant family history)

• What is included in a thorough eye exam?

A comprehensive exam includes a detailed patient history, preliminary testing, evaluation of eye motility and binocular vision, assessment of visual acuity, a refraction to evaluate the need for glasses, ocular health assessment and systemic health screening, diagnosis, and patient education.

Ocular health assessment includes an examination of the interior and exterior of your eye. The doctor will check for signs of eye disease or general health problems, such as diabetes or hardening of the arteries that may show up initially in the eyes. Adults will be checked for eye pressure and field of vision to help diagnose glaucoma.

Useful Resources

  • All About Vision: consumer guides to eyeglasses, contact lenses, and prescription sunglasses. Plus information about eye conditions like macular degeneration, cataract, and glaucoma, and more.
  • American Optometric Association
  • Eye Help: General eye health information sponsored by the California Optometric Association.